Here’s the 2 specific sessions that Mauricio is discussing.. PROP001 Panel: Benefits of Intel Anti Theft TechnologyPROP005 Class: – Thieves beware: Intel powered notebook’s will turn into bricks when stolen!I will also be in both sessions, presenting in PROP005. Mauricio Cuervo personal invite to his class. Please join us in the class to talk with Software providers and Intel about how Intel Anti Theft Technology can assist your business.
Brand Finance’s 2016 annual report evaluated thousands of the world’s top brands to determine which are the most powerful and the most valuable. Related Items
Kolkata Nov 14 (PTI) S S Attoollahi-trained PentagramKolkata Nov 14 (PTI) S S Attoollahi-trained Pentagram Confidently guided by P S Chouhan I won the Mayfowl Cup, the feature event of the races here today.The winner is owned by Rina Mahindra and Marthand Singh.The pearson Swita Memorial Cup, claimed by Setaflame (P Kamles up) for Vijay Singh. Speedy Gonsalves (P Chouhan astride) from the camp of Arti Doctor lifted the Cavalry Cup, the other two important event of the day.Jockey P S Chouhan booted home a double.Punters had a mixedday. Three favourites won in a Card of seven events. PTI Cor KK. PS PM
New Delhi, Jan 29 (PTI) Iconic cult bike maker Harley- Davidson India has launched its new Sportster 1200 Custom model, priced at Rs 8.9 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi).The Sportster 1200 Custom, powered by an air-cooled, 1200 cc engine will be assembled at the companys Bawal plant, Harley-Davidson India said in a statement.It will expand the companys portfolio of motorcycles assembled from CKD (Complete Knockdown) units to eight models out of a total of 13 sold in India.Commenting on the launch, Harley-Davidson India Managing Director Vikram Pawah said, “We are expanding our reach to fulfill more dreams of personal freedom and are here to promote the sport of leisure motorcycling. Harley-Davidson India has a strategic product plan to take its growth story to the next level.”Harley-Davidson India started operations in August 2009.It offers 13 models in its line-up in India besides a full range of genuine parts, accessories, and general merchandise at its authorized dealerships.The Gurgaon-based firm has 20 independent dealerships across India, including New Delhi, Gurgaon, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru and Chennai, among others. PTI RKL STS
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zoom Oslo-listed investment company Tanker Investment is ready to tap into the potential of strengthening tanker market fundamentals, according to William Hung, Tanker Investments’ Chief Executive Officer.The global mid-size tanker fleet is expected to shrink in 2015, fueling increasing tanker demand as more crude oil moves long-haul from the Atlantic to Pacific basins further reducing the effective supply of tankers, Hung believes.“With the addition of the recently announced acquisition of six, high quality, modern Suezmax tankers for USD 315 million, Tanker Investments has grown its fleet to 20 vessels, with an average age of approximately 5 years, in just over a year,” commented Hung. “Importantly, with all of our ships trading in the spot tanker market, which has recently seen rates reach levels not experienced since 2008, Tanker Investments is currently generating substantial cash flow.”Crude tanker fleet utilization and spot tanker rates are expected to remain positive in 2015Tanker Investments reported net income of USD 3.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2014 compared to a net loss of USD 0.9 million in the previous quarter.During the fourth quarter of 2014, net revenues increased to USD 27.4 million from USD 20.7 million in the third quarter of 2013 due primarily to higher average spot tanker rates and the delivery of the Peak Spirit in October 2014, the company said in its quarterly results.With regard to the market outlook, the company said that crude tanker fleet utilization and spot tanker rates are expected to remain positive in 2015 based on a shrinking mid-size crude tanker fleet and a continued increase in long-haul tanker demand as more crude oil moves from the Atlantic to Pacific basins.The impact of low prices and the development of floating storage in the first half of 2015 are also expected to support tanker demand in 2015.“In addition, a steepening of the crude futures curve has led to the emergence of floating storage with over 30 VLCCs booked on time charter, with floating storage options, since the start of the year. This has a positive knock-on effect for Suezmaxes and Aframaxes as the removal of VLCCs from the trading fleet reduces competition across the different crude sectors,” the company added.Secondhand crude tanker values rose during the fourth quarter of 2014 due primarily to higher spot market earnings and values have remained firm in the early part of 2015.According to Tanker Investments, market sentiment for asset values is expected to remain firm in the coming months based on positive tanker market fundamentals, however, there is currently a wide gap between sellers’ and buyers’ price ideas for modern crude tankers.Looking ahead, the global tanker fleet is forecast to grow by only 1.7 percent in 2015, with growth again weighted towards the product tanker sectors with another year of negative fleet growth expected for the Suezmax and uncoated Aframax sectors.
ATLANTA – Twickets, a Europe-based face-value ticket platform supported by several popular music artists including Adele and Ed Sheeran, was launched Wednesday in the United States.Founder Richard Davies said fans will be able to buy and sell spare tickets at face value or less for concerts and live events at Twickets USA.“We’re looking to provide an alternative to genuine fans that want to look out for other fans potentially and not gain a substantial profit,” Davies said. “We’re not planning to be the solution to scalping. Fans deserve a choice. We don’t want them to get ripped off.”Twickets, which was launched in the United Kingdom in 2015, has partnered with Adele, Sheeran, Mumford & Sons and Queen. The company said it has also handled about 6,000 tickets for One Direction.Adele teamed up with Twickets for her sold-out Wembley Stadium concerts in 2016. This year, the company expanded its platform to Australia as Sheeran’s resale partner.Davies said Twickets users have saved other fans more than $20 million in inflated prices and fees for event tickets in the United Kingdom. He said he hopes his platform can reshape the ticketing landscape by allowing music artists to ensure face-value resale.“It’s been a mix of support from artists, event organizers and record labels,” he said. “Outside of any artist endorsement, this has been purely word of mouth. We’ve never spent money on marketing. Word of mouth plays an important part of what we do.”Twickets said it has secured partnerships with Niall Horan of One Direction, Pixies and PVRIS for their upcoming U.S. shows. It collects a 15 per cent transaction fee from the buyer for each sale. The platform has more than 500,000 registered users, Davies said.In Europe, Twickets has listed spare tickets for festivals, sports, comedy and theatre, and arts shows. Davies said the company will initially focus on using the platform to resell tickets for music shows and hopes to incorporate sporting events in the U.S. in the future.___Online:www.twickets.live___Follow Jonathan Landrum Jr. on Twitter at www.twitter.com/MrLandrum31. His work can be found at https://apnews.com/search/jonathan%20landrum
The Toronto stock market was higher Thursday as resource stocks rose alongside prices for oil and metals.The S&P/TSX composite index gained 62.78 points to 12,275.2 following three days of losses. Markets have been depressed by fresh signs of a slowing economic recovery, including another downward revision of global growth by the International Monetary Fund and forecasts of lower demand by resource giant Alcoa Inc.The TSX Venture Exchange was 5.19 points higher at 1,307.34.Commodity prices also supported the Canadian dollar, which was up 0.39 of a cent at 102.36 cents US.New York markets were also positive as a much better than expected read on U.S. jobless insurance claims raised hiring prospects. Traders also looked ahead to key earnings reports from U.S. banking giants, including JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo.The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 59.96 points to 13,404.93 following two back-to-back, triple-digit slides. The Nasdaq composite index climbed 18.77 points to 3,070.55 while the S&P 500 index was up 9.31 points at 1,441.87.The U.S. Labour Department said the number of people seeking unemployment aid plummeted last week by 30,000 to a seasonally adjusted 339,000, the lowest level in more than four years. The four-week average, a less volatile measure, dropped by 11,500 to 364,000, a six-month low.Traders appeared to take in stride a move by Standard & Poor’s to cut its rating on Spain’s debt by two notches to BBB-minus, leaving the country on the verge of non-investment grade, or junk, status.The Spanish government has so far refused to tap a new European Central Bank bond-buying facility that has been largely designed to keep a lid on the country’s borrowing rates. But some analysts think the downgrade will help push the government to finally request the help. Even so, others think traders are in danger of letting their guard down.“We probably don’t focus enough on Europe. I still think it’s simmering and could blow up in our face,” said Jim Muir, director at Fraser Mackenzie. “But we’re all growing very complacent with the problems over there. One day we’ll wake up and there could very well be another Lehman Brothers moment happen there. But history shows we do work our way through these problems.”Earnings expectations are low for the third quarter as the debt crisis continues to take a toll on the economies in Europe, affecting the results of multinationals. The malaise has also spread to developing economies such as China.“Expectations are for a 2.1 per cent year-over-year decline in S&P 500 operating earnings — the first year-over-year drop since the recession,” said BMO Capital Markets senior economist Robert Kavcic. “Also, half of the 10 major sectors are expected to be in the red, so the earnings slowdown is relatively broad based and not just a one-sector phenomenon.”Merger and acquisition news also helped support markets. The Wall Street Journal reported that Sprint Nextel is in advanced talks to be acquired by Japanese cellphone company Softbank Corp. in a transaction valued at more than US$12.8 billion. Sprint Nextel shares surged 17.25 per cent to US$5.91 in New York as the company confirmed during the morning that there have been talks with Softbank on a possible transaction.All TSX sectors were higher while resource stocks led gainers as prices for oil and metals advanced. The energy sector was up 0.9 per cent as oil continued to find support from worries that the Syrian conflict is escalating.Traders worry that the civil war in Syria could grow into a wider regional conflict that could threaten oil supplies from Middle East producers. The Middle East and North Africa account for about a third of global oil production.The November crude contract on the New York Mercantile Exchange was up $1.24 at US$92.49 a barrel. Canadian Natural Resources (TSX:CNQ) rose 25 cents to C$30.05.Nexen (TSX:NXY) shares climbed six cents to $25.21 as the federal government extended its review period for the proposed $15.1-billion takeover of the energy company by China’s state-owned offshore oil company. The review under the Investment Canada Act is being extended by 30 days. An initial 45-day review period was set to end Friday.The base metals sector was up 1.7 per cent as December copper climbed five cents to US$3.77 a pound. Teck Resources (TSX:TCK.B) ran ahead 50 cents to C$30.40.The gold sector climbed 0.45 per cent as December bullion edged up $8.70 to US$1,773.80 an ounce and Iamgold (TSX:IMG) improved by 18 cents to C$15.71.NovaGold Resources Inc. (TSX:NG) gained 17 cents to $5.08 as the company reported a third-quarter net loss of $21.5 million or eight cents per share. That is less than half of its net loss of $52.1 million or 22 cents per share from a year ago. The exploration and development miner, whose flagship asset is its 50 per cent owned Donlin gold project in Alaska, did not report any revenues for the quarter.Techs also advanced as Research in Motion Ltd. (TSX:RIM) gained 12 cents to $7.73, while Constellation Software (TSX:CSU) rose $1 to $105.30.European bourses were also positive as London’s FTSE 100 index rose 1.04 per cent, Frankfurt’s DAX grew 1.26 per cent and the Paris CAC 40 gained 1.62 per cent.
Mr. Johnson told the United Nations General Assembly’s annual general debate that the experience of Brexit was like Zeus’ eternal punishment of Prometheus. He said that “no one can ignore the gathering force affecting every Member of this Assembly” that is digitalization. Addressing the future of privacy, he said that while people may keep their personal secrets from friends, family, their doctors or others, “it takes real effort to conceal them from Google”.Citing the comprehensive and pervasive effects of this new technology, pushing humanity towards an “antiseptic urban environment”, he said in the future and even the present, it places every citizen under surveillance. A “future Alexa” of connectivity will monitor every aspect of daily human life. With a cloud of data lowering ever more oppressively over the human race, people may have no control “over how or when the precipitation will take place”. The Prime Minster described data as the crude oil of the present day, with no one knowing who owns or can use it.Expressing concern about whether the machines will decide if people are eligible for a mortgage or insurance, he wondered: “How do you plead with an algorithm?” Digital authoritarianism is “not the stuff of dystopian fantasy” but an emerging reality in some countries. While the United Kingdom is a global leader in technology, he noted that some States have been caught unaware by the effects of the Internet, what he called the most momentous invention since print. Like nuclear power, it is capable of both great good and harm, but he wondered whether artificial intelligence will be a boon for humanity or produce “pink-eyed terminators” here to “cull the human race”. He cited the deep human impulse to mistrust any technological innovation, noting the influence of anti-vaxxers.At the same time, he rejected any anti-science pessimism. Highlighting the rise of nanotechnology and neural interface technology, he cited breakthrough developments “helping the deaf to hear and the blind to see”. In the developing world, he noted that millions of people in Africa without bank accounts can now use an app to fill that gap. The values that inform tech design will shape the future of humanity, which will either face an Orwellian world of suppression or one of learning, threatening famine and disease but not freedoms, he said.The mission of the United Kingdom and all who share its values is to ensure that emerging technologies must promote that freedom, openness and pluralism, said Mr. Johnson. On that point, he called on the UN to guarantee that no one is left behind, calling for a common set of global principles to shape the norms and standards of emerging technologies. “The United Kingdom has by far the biggest tech sector anywhere in Europe, with half a million people working in it,” he said, and invited Member States to attend a technology summit in London in 2020.
He’s incredibly kind. I don’t think people see his incredible kindness and the things he does behind the scenes. People who worked for him years ago will write to him and if they’ve fallen on hard times he’ll do everything he can to help them. Put them on to the right doctors. I don’t think people see that and it’s not something he shouts about. Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Here, those who know him best pay tribute. The other thing, which probably doesn’t come over as well as it should, is that he has got…–– ADVERTISEMENT –– Philanthropist, eco-warrier, author, artist, gardener, father – and heir to the throne of Great Britain. In his many, many roles, the Prince of Wales has touched the lives of our whole nation.
A promising new technology sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for economically capturing 90% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from a coal-burning power plant has begun pilot-scale testing. The technology is the PolarisTM membrane system, developed by Membrane Technology and Research (MTR). The system uses a specially designed CO2-selective membrane—a micro-porous film that acts as a semi-permeable barrier—to separate CO2 from other gases, such as nitrogen, in a coal-burning plant’s flue gas.The project, managed by the DOE Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is the largest-scale CO2 membrane technology in the Department’s research portfolio and has the potential to support the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from coal-fired power plants while minimising the increase in electricity price. Cost-effective carbon capture and storage from fossil-based power generation has been cited by some national and international experts as a critical component for arresting the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentrations.The Polaris system is 10 times more permeable to CO2 than conventional gas-separation membranes. That means the membrane area can be reduced, cutting down the cost and size of the system. In addition, the membrane system does not use hazardous chemicals, so there are no emissions or disposal issues; it uses less water than other capture technologies; and the membrane has no moving parts.“Post-combustion carbon capture has presented unique challenges for researchers,” said the NETL Federal Manager for the project, José Figueroa. “Membrane Technology and Research’s CO2-separation technology has been designed to address risks associated with carbon capture, at a lower cost and footprint than other conventional systems.”The MTR membrane separation process has already completed 7,500 hours of small-scale (0.05 MW-electric) testing using actual flue gas. Successful testing at pilot scale (1 MW-electric) will be a major step toward meeting the Department program’s goal of capturing more than 90% of CO2 from flue gas at a cost of $40/t of CO2 captured and compressed to 2,200 psig (pounds per square inch gauge).Pilot-scale testing of the technology, using actual flue gas, is underway at DOE’s National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) in Wilsonville, Alabama, and will continue for two to three months. The NCCC, operated by Southern Company Services, includes a post-combustion carbon-capture facility that allows testing and integration of advanced CO2-capture technologies using flue gas from Alabama Power’s Gaston power plant Unit 5—an 880 MW pulverized coal unit.Data from this pilot test will provide the Department, MTR, and their project partners with insights into the next steps required for further scale-up and field tests. The project is being performed in cooperation with the Electric Power Research Institute, Helios-NRG, WorleyParsons, and Babcock & Wilcox. Other collaborators are the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Sustainable Technology Center and Illinois State Geological Survey, Affiliated Engineers Inc., and City Water, Light and Power.The technology is part of NETL’s CO2-control technology R&D program, which also includes projects directed at the use of solvents and solid sorbents, as well as other novel approaches for CO2 capture specially designed for power plant applications.
TWO SEPARATE COMPANIES have announced a combined 60 jobs in two new centres in Cork and Laois.Californian IT security company AlienVault has announced it is setting up a European sales and technical support centre in Cork city, leading to the creation of 40 jobs.Meanwhile, Internal Results, which provides services to technology and telecommunications companies, will establish a customer support centre in Portlaoise. The Internal Results move will create 20 job.Alien Vault has recently hired its first twelve staff in Cork, consisting of sales, sales engineers, tech support and management personnel.“We are extremely pleased to open our new EMEA Sales and Technical Support Centre in Cork to tap into the immense tech talent that Ireland has to offer, said Barmak Meftah, president and CEO at AlienVault.“We have seen rapid growth in our customer and partner base in EMEA, and we are hiring key personnel to service and support them as we continue to build on our momentum in the region.”Both companies are supported by the IDA Ireland.Read: Skills shortage could force thousands of software jobs overseasRead: Moy Park expansion to create over 500 jobs at three Northern Ireland sites
MPs voted on Thursday to widen the charges against former Finance Minister Giorgos Papaconstantinou over the handling of the Lagarde list to include breach of trust, as the ex-PASOK politician cast blame on his successor Evangelos Venizelos and former Financial Crimes Squad chief Yiannis Diotis.Of 300 lawmakers, 234 voted in favor of the new charge being leveled against Papaconstantinou, who is accused of failing to record the receipt of a CD from the French Finance Ministry containing the names of more than 2,000 Greeks with accounts at the Geneva branch of HSBC and of doctoring the list to remove the names of his relatives, which the ex-finance minister denies.The broadening of the charges means that the parliamentary committee already probing Papaconstantinou is to extend its deadline until June 25. He insisted on Thursday that he was right not to officially record receipt of the CD as French authorities had not recorded sending it either because it contained information that had been obtained illegally. Papaconstantinou claimed in a speech in Parliament that some tax evasion court cases in France based on the HSBC data have collapsed because the information was stolen by a former bank employee.The ex-minister said this is why he gave the information to Diotis to use as a basis for broader tax probes rather than a specific investigation. “The data was stored away in Diotis’s drawer for 16 months,” said Papaconstantinou by way of explaining why no tax evaders were traced.The ex-minister also called on MPs to explain why, if he allegedly blocked the investigation, there were no results once he was replaced by Venizelos, who he accused of scapegoating. “Some people believe that the only way to save themselves is destroying their predecessors,” said Papaconstantinou.Source: Kathimerini Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Crisis or not, with the European summer approaching Greece’s popularity as a travel destination is continuing to grow, with the country expected to achieve a new record of arrivals in 2018.According to air carrier schedules, demand from foreign tour operators for air seats to Greece is showing an annual increase of 21 per cent.In comparison, Germany is by far Greece’s biggest tourism market. According to data presented on Thursday by research director Aris Ikkos at the Institute of the Greek Tourism Confederation, this year Germans are showing a 45 per cent increase in demand for seats compared to last year.Meanwhile the only significant decline has been seen in the Russian market, believed to be a result of the lowered ruble exchange rate against the euro currency. Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
Alerte orange : la France ensevelie sous la neigeFrance – Météo France a diffusé un bulletin tôt dans la matinée : quinze départements sont placés en état d’alerte orange à cause de la neige et du verglas.Les fortes baisses de température de cette nuit (à partir de -3°C) ont donné naissance à des plaques de verglas sur l’ensemble de l’Hexagone. Des averses de neige devraient de plus s’intensifier jusqu’à demain matin. Le niveau d’alerte orange (niveau trois sur quatre) est maintenu dans les régions du Nord et de l’Ouest depuis trois jours, comme sur le littoral, et s’étend aujourd’hui aux départements du Centre. Le trafic routier et aérien est perturbé : Météo France prévient qu’il y aura des difficultés de circulation et incite à la vigilance. Le 11 février 2010 à 10:08 • Emmanuel Perrin
3:13 TV and Movies Tags Regal Cinemas could roll out an unlimited movie ticket subscription service. Getty Images Regal Cinemas is preparing to roll out an unlimited movie ticket subscription service in the US at the end of the month, according to a Monday report. The details are still being worked out, but the service will have three tiers of pricing: $18, $21 and $24 a month, according to Deadline. That monthly price will reportedly vary based on theater location. The top tier will offer access to any Regal theater, and the lowest tier provides access to around half of Regal’s theaters, according to the report. If someone with a lower-tier subscription goes to a theater not included in their plan, they may have to pay a surcharge of around $2 to $3 a ticket. Subscribers will reportedly have to buy a full year in advance. They’ll also get 10% off concessions for each subscription tier, according to Deadline.It’s not clear if premium options like Imax, Dolby 3D and Dbox will be part of the subscription. People could potentially be charged to upgrade to those premium tickets, but the details haven’t been figured out yet. Cineworld, Regal’s parent company, already has a movie ticket subscription program in the UK that lets members watch unlimited films at any Cineworld theater. Subscribers also get 10% off snacks and drinks.Regal’s subscription service would enter a market previously dominated by the likes of MoviePass, which killed off its unlimited plan last year. MoviePass brought back its $9.95 unlimited movie plan in March, albeit with restrictions on movie and theater choice based on “excessive individual usage.” AMC also offers Stubs A-List subscribers three tickets per week for around $20 a month. Cineworld didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. 2019 movies to geek out over Comments 5 Share your voice Now playing: Watch this: Watching the MCU movies in the perfect order First published July 2.Update, July 3: Adds information about Cineworld’s movie ticket subscription program. 77 Photos
-The Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh (CAAB) has instructed all local airlines to issue boarding passes for any domestic routes to passengers only after seeing their photo identity cards in ensuring security of all concerned.The CAAB issued the order in a circular dated 30 June saying “passengers travelling by air on domestic and/or international route must produce their photo identity card at the check-in counter along with the ticket”.It said valid passports, national IDs, driving licences and photo IDs issued by educational institutions or relevant organisations will be counted as identification. A passenger needs passport to travel on an international flight but earlier he or she can collect boarding passes by showing only tickets for the domestic routes.A CAAB spokesperson said, they issued the order for ensuring full proof security to all passengers in domestic routes. The minor children attending by adults can travel without photo ID, he said.All local airline including national flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines have already implemented the order as they are not letting anyone onboard without photo ID.”We enforced the order at all our domestic check-in counters as soon as received it,” Biman’s spokesperson Shakil Meraz told BSS.
Kolkata: Madhyamik 2019 will witness an unprecedented event when a 12-year-old girl from Howrah will be sit for the secondary examination.Saifa Khatun, who had never been to school, will be appearing for the examination as an external candidate at 12 years of age. Saifa had sat for the eligibility test conducted by West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE) and scored 52 percent marks. “She had successfully passed through our eligibility test for the external candidate. She will be appearing for Madhyamik 2019 in that category,” said Kalyanmoy Ganguly, president of WBBSE. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that both regular and external candidates can appear for Madhyamik examination. The names of the regular candidates are provided by the respective schools, while the external candidates have to clear a test conducted by WBBSE. If they score well in that examination they are allowed to appear for the examination. Sources at WBBSE said Saifa’s father had applied to the Board in the month of February, a few days before this year’s examination mentioning her daughter’s desire to sit for the examination. However, the date of such application had already elapsed at that time so the Board advised her father to apply afresh later. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”The fresh application came in the month of June and it was in August when she sat for the Board’s test. It has been found that the girl, who had never been to school, scored 52 percent marks,” the source said. The girl from Amta in Uluberia has scored 42 in English, 48 in Bengali, 40 in Mathematics, 58 in Physical Science, 68 in Life Science, 56 in History and 60 in Geography. A senior Board official, however, recollected a similar incident some years back. “At least in the last five to six years, there has not been a single case on similar lines,” the official added.
These days, it’s not uncommon to have many of your items of clothing or accessories be named as if they were people. It started naturally enough. When a person started a business in their town or community, they would frequently name it after themselves, which made sense, as it tied the new business to the person’s, or family’s, identity. According to timeline.com, that didn’t really start to change until mass media and mass marketing started to enter the picture. Suddenly there was more than one company with similar names being marketed to the same consumers, creating the need for business people to starting branding themselves as a way to stand out. The first shift in clothing branding came with the early “designer” brands, like Worth or Chanel, and consumers loved being able to identify themselves with a person whose brand they admired. Over the decades, as the variety of things people had access to continued to grow, so did the consumer’s tendency to identify with the products they used on a fairly personal level. That, in turn, led to many retailers, especially those that sold clothing and accessories, to start giving individual styles of clothing human names, hoping to evoke a personal response.Long before that market shift, though, there were already a number of instances where types of clothing were named after specific people or places, for reasons that had nothing to do with branding.Denim JeansA group of cowboys branding a steer.This iconic item actually refers to two different places. First, Nimes, France, which produced a twilled wool serge that was used for making pants.Nimes, France.The fabric was called serge de Nimes, and English-speakers as early as the 1600s started to run the words together into one word. A couple hundred years later, Americans started using the same word to refer to the sturdy cotton fabric we know as denim.Copper rivets for reinforcing pockets are a characteristic feature of blue jeans. Photo by Marcos André CC BY 2.0Secondly, the word “jeans” is actually a derivation of Genoa, the city in Italy that was also known for making trousers, using a twilled cloth called “fustian.” The pants were became known as “jene fustian,” and that eventually just became “jeans.”TuxedosHarrison Ford in a tuxedo. Photo by Gage Skidmore CC BY-SA 2.0This name for a formal suit dates back to the 1800s, and refers to Tuxedo Park, New York. Tuxedo Park was a residential club frequented only by the most wealthy.William Kent residence, Tuxedo Park, N.Y.Every year they held an autumn ball which required male attendees to wear a white tie and tailcoat. As a result, the black tailcoats came to be known as tuxedo jackets, and the word has since become an umbrella word for men’s formal suits, and has even gained in popularity as formalwear among some women, such as Angelina Jolie or Diane Keaton.The Birkin BagBirkin bag made from calf leather that has been dyed pink. Photo by Yvette Religioso-Ilagan from Philippines – Flickr CC BY 2.0This extremely expensive bag has appeared on the arm of various female celebrities, and has even had its own plotline on several television shows, including Gilmore Girls and Sex and the City.The bag is also named for an English actress, Jane Birkin. The story behind the bag’s name is that Birkin was seated next to Jean-Louis Dumas on a flight to Paris. Dumas was the chief executive of Hermes, who produces the bag.Jane Birkin, 1985. Photo by Roland Godefroy CC BY SA 3.0She put her straw bag into the overhead compartment, but everything fell out. She reportedly told Dumas how hard it was to find a leather weekend bag she liked, so the two of them ended up designing the Birkin bag on the flight, and he named the bag after her.The AscotPortrait photo of British journalist George Augustus Sala wearing an ascot tie.An ascot is a type of cravat. Cravats were early forms of what we now call the necktie, and were invented by the Croats. The word eventually shifted a little and became cravat.John Singer Sargent in a pleated ascot tie, c. 1880.Ascots were a form of cravat that first began appearing around the turn of the 18th century. It didn’t really become popular until the 19th century, though, and derives its name from being worn by men attending the Royal Ascot Races in Ascot, England; it was then known as the “ascot tie.” The style became popular again in the 1950s, which is also when it just became known as an “ascot.”Capri PantsPlaid Capri pants. Photo by Rita Holcomb CC BY SA 2.5This style was wildly popular in the 1950s and ‘60s. It was created by Sonja de Lennart, a European fashion designer, and named for the Italian island of Capri, where the women often wore the shorter, ¾ length pants.October 3, 2017: Tourists at Street cafes on Capri Island, Italy.Capris were some of the first pants for women that were cut in a more body-conscious manner instead of being made exactly like men’s pants, which had previously been the norm.JerseysA sports fan’s collection of NBA basketball jerseys. Photo by Cdog91 CC BY SA 4.0Nope, these didn’t get their start in the state of New Jersey. This item of clothing is actually named for the island of Jersey in the United Kingdom. The island has a long tradition of making very warm sweaters with a tight weave, meant to help seaman stay warm.Americans adopted the term for their early football uniforms, which were made of wool and meant to offer some protection for football players in the early 1900s. As the fabrics used in uniforms got increasingly light, the term “jersey” became synonymous with lightweight tops made from synthetic fabrics. At least, it did in the U.S. In the U.K. the word “jersey” still means a sweater.LeotardsAn image of Jules Léotard in the garment that bears his name.These tight, stretchy garments get their name from the Frenchman who first wore them, Jules Leotard. Despite having studied to be a lawyer, Leotard spent a lot of time at his father’s gym, according to circusesandsideshows.com. He was very skilled on the parallel bars, and eventually got the idea of hanging a bar on two ropes, inventing the trapeze. He introduced his new trapeze act on November 12, 1859, at the Cirque Napoleon. He created the snug, stretchy outfit to both give ease of movement and to show off his body during his act.He originally called it a maillot, which is the French word for shirt, but the garment was given his name after his death from smallpox in 1870.Cardigan sweatersCardigan in fashion photo from 1947. Photo by Erik Holmén, Nordiska museet CC BY 4.0These classic sweaters are named after James Thomas Brudenell, the seventh Earl of Cardigan, who supposedly chose to wear a collarless, waist-length wool jacket while leading his troops in the Crimean War.Prince Napoléon Bonaparte, cousin of Emperor Napoleon III, served as a general in the Crimean War.The Earl left Crimea and returned to England a year into the war for health reasons, however many stories of his heroism had reached his homeland before he did. As a result, merchants wanting to capitalize on Lord Cardigan’s current fame began selling jackets of the same type, which they named in his honor.ArgyleTraditional English Argyle socks.When you think of Argyle, the first images that come to mind are often of sweaters and golfing socks, but the pattern’s roots actually come from a spirit of revolution.The classic diamond pattern first started being seen in Scotland, in the 1940s, but its design was inspired by the 17th century tartan of the clan Campbell, from Argyll. The plaid was used in kilts and also for the patterned socks that most highlanders wore under them. According to an article in the Washington Post, citing The Scottish Historical Review, when Mary, Queen of Scots ended the Chaseabout Raid that opposed her marriage to Lord Darnley in 1565, Archibald Campbell, the fifth Earl of Argyll, was the last rebel still at large in Scotland.Mary, Queen of Scots.He returned to his castle, where Mary couldn’t chase him, and it was his anti-establishment descendants who created the pattern.Read another story from us: The Fascinating Stories Behind the Names of the MonthsPringle of Scotland picked up that pattern after the First World War, and that’s when it began to become associated with leisure and wealth – a startling diversion from the situation of those who developed it.