Maternal flu vaccine offers limited protection for newbornsInfants receive seasonal flu immunity through maternal influenza vaccines, but previous studies have not established how long this protection lasts. A study yesterday in JAMA Pediatrics—the largest of its kind to date—shows that infant immunity peaks by 8 weeks after birth and wanes significantly during the first 6 months of life.Researchers in South Africa compared 1,026 infants whose mothers received a trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine during the last trimester of pregnancy with 1,023 infants whose mothers were unvaccinated and followed the groups for 6 months after birth. The vaccine was most effective between birth and 8 weeks (85.6% effective). Between 8 and 16 weeks, the efficacy dropped to 25.5% and was 30.3% effective by 24 weeks. The drop in protection correlated with a decrease in maternally derived influenza antibodies.Pregnant women are a targeted population for influenza vaccines; both pregnant women and newborns are at risk for severe complications from the flu, including hospitalization and death. No flu vaccine is approved for use in infants younger than 6 months, so newborns must rely on the passive protection offered by maternal vaccination.In an editorial on the study, Flor M. Munoz, MD, of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, says the study shows infant protection is more dependent on transplacental antibodies than previously thought. Munoz calls this research provocative as breastfeeding—and the antibodies contained in breast milk—was considered the main route of protection for infants.The authors of the study say their research shows the need for better maternal flu vaccines. “More immunogenic vaccines that can generate a protective immune response in infants, beginning at 8 weeks of age, need to be identified,” the authors conclude.Jul 5 JAMA Pediatrics study Jul 5 JAMA Pediatrics editorial Update: More than 40,000 new cases of chikungunya, mostly in BrazilThe Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported 43,842 new chikungunya cases as of Jul 1, bringing the 2016 total in the Americas to 193,245 infections.In the previous update, posted Jun 24, there were only 950 new cases. PAHO’s update last week reported increases of 28,493 and 15,347 suspected and confirmed cases, respectively.Brazil reported the vast majority of the week’s new cases, 39,084, bringing its cases for the year to 122,762. Bolivia was next, with 2,510 new cases and 18,398 for the year. Also of note, Honduras had 1,720 new cases as of Jul 1 and 12,053 total.PAHO reported 1 new chikungunya-related death in Nicaragua, raising that number to 18 for the year, 16 of which have been in Brazil.The outbreak began in December 2013 on St. Martin in the Caribbean with the first recorded cases of the disease in the Americas. Since then PAHO has reported 2,073,212 suspected or confirmed cases, including 286 deaths.Jul 1 PAHO report Officials report 16 H5N1 outbreaks in Cameroon affecting 34,000 birdsThe World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) this week reported 16 new outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian flu in Cameroon. The outbreaks began in mid-May through early June.Twelve of the outbreaks were reported on farms, with a commercial farm in Bayangam in Ouest region reporting 1,500 cases, and 10,500 destroyed broilers on May 31. Another farm in the New Bell area of Douala, the capital, had an outbreak on Jun 1 that resulted in 1,439 cases and the destruction of 4,561 broilers, cockerels, and laying hens. A farm in Bilon in Sud region reported 2,000 cases on May 31, with 2,650 birds culled.Three outbreaks occurred at markets, the largest at the Mvog-Ada market in Yaounde, Centre region. The market reported 682 cases in chickens of different ages on May 21. Another 382 birds were destroyed. The Marche Oyenga (Sud region) and the Cassablanca market (Oest) also reported scores of cases on May 21 and May 31, respectivelyThe total number of cases in the 16 outbreaks was 7,040, with 26,981 birds destroyed, for a total of 34,157 poultry deaths. The OIE reports unknown or inconclusive sources for the outbreaks, which are part of a wider resurgence of H5N1 in several parts of Africa this year.Jul 4 OIE report
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The two transformers were loaded and lashed onto low bed trucks in Turkey before being transported by road to Georgia, where Globalink Georgia coordinated border formalities and monitored the shipment through the country and into Kazakhstan.In Kazakhstan, Globalink’s Baku team loaded the transformers from the trailers onto a vessel for shipment across the Caspian Sea to Aktau, where the cargo was delivered to the final job site. In another project shipment, Globalink Uzbekistan was contracted to transport Pratt & Whitney aircraft engines from Tashkent to Singapore for repair.The cargo was first transported by road to Navoi Airport, where it was loaded into a Boeing 747-400 and flown to Singapore.Once the engines had been overhauled to industry standards in Singapore, Globalink handled the transport of the engines back to Tashkent, to be installed in an Uzbek Airlines aircraft. www.globalinkllc.com
Having arrived in the Port of Pasajes, Spain, the consignment was carried on a Goldhofer Faktor 5 high girder bridge in a convoy nearly 100 m long, more than 500 tonnes in weight and with 28 axles.This required the use of four prime mover tractor units, each capable of moving 250 tonnes, to transport the convoy over 160 km of Spanish roads, over the course of six nights to minimise disruption of traffic.The Japanese multinational manufacturer required its prototype wind turbine nacelle, which has been designed to withstand extreme weather conditions, to be transported in one piece, instead of the usual separation into two for the overland transportation, hence the use of the Faktor 5 high girder bridge.During the journey overland, the convoy had to overcome obstacles of all kinds including roundabouts and tunnels, street furniture, severe road curves as well as steep roads made slippery in places by frost.According to the director of TIBA, Juan de Castro: “While some of our competitors didn’t believe that the operation was possible, we showed the customer via plans and measurements on the ground that the mega transport was viable.”TIBA worked with Transbiaga and the latter’s equipment and engineers to complete the overland transportation.The wind turbine will remain in the National Renewable Energy Center (CENER) of Sangüesa for several months, and after completing a series of tests will return back to Japan, to be traded internationally. The TIBA Projects department is already making arrangements with the relevant authorities for that return next spring. www.tibagroup.comwww.transbiaga.com
An independent medical tribunal that is expected to handle some 340 doctors’ fitness-to-practise hearings a year launches today. The new Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS), which is operate separately from the General Medical Council (GMC), is to adjudicate on complaints made against any of the UK’s 240,000 doctors and impose sanctions where appropriate. The GMC is to retain its role as investigator and prosecutor. MPTS chair his honour judge David Pearl said: ‘It is important that the public and the profession see our hearings as impartial, fair and transparent. Previously some of the same GMC staff could have been involved in both the investigation and the adjudication. Now there is total separation.’ Pearl will be responsible for appointing, training, appraising and mentoring 292 panel members, of whom 59 sit as panel chairs. His staff also includes legal advisors. There were some 340 fitness-to-practise hearings last year, each typically lasting seven days. There were also several hundred interim order hearings, where temporary restrictions on a doctor’s practice were imposed while investigations continued. The MPTS arises from a 2010 government consultation recommending a greater separation between the GMC and the adjudication of cases. Pearl became a circuit judge in 1994, since when he has been appointed president of the Immigration Appeal Tribunal, president of the Care Standards Tribunal, director of studies at the Judicial Studies Board and a commissioner of the Judicial Appointments Commission.
Conservative MP Robert Neill has been elected as the new chair of the House of Commons justice committee.The former barrister won the support of MPs in a secret ballot held earlier this week to take charge of the influential group.The committee will have a vital role in the coming months in scrutinising government plans for human rights legislation reform and addressing the fallout from cuts to legal aid.The position was the most contested of all select committees in the commons, with five candidates vying for the role of chair.Neill defeated former justice minister Jonathan Djanogly as well as Sir Edward Leigh, John Howell and David Burrowes.He will be regarded as a relatively centre-ground appointment based on the MPs who had backed each candidate.Djanogly won the support of moderate MPs – and likely opponents to the scrapping of the Human Rights Act – such as Dominic Grieve, Kenneth Clarke and David Davis.Leigh’s election to the post would have been seen as a more hardline appointment, with the MP having been backed by the likes of Bernard Jenkin and Sir William Cash.Neill was called to the bar at Middle Temple in 1975 and was elected to the London Assembly. He also served on the justice committee until 2010.The Bromley and Chislehurst MP is a member of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly’s Legal Affairs and Human Rights Committee and of the committee to nominate judges to the European Court of Human Rights.
Yakov Ronen (Dave Davis) leaves behind the Orthodox Jewish community he was part of in New York following a tragedy involving his younger brother. Struggling to make ends meet, Yakov is approached by Reb Shulem (Menashe Lustig) who offers his money to act as a shomer – a person who guards a dead body and ensures they remain at peace over night – and he accepts. Taken into the home of Auschwitz survivor Mrs. Litvak (Lynn Cohen), Yakov watches over the body of her husband but soon becomes aware that he’s not alone.The feature film debut of writer/director Keith Thomas, The Vigil is the latest in a long line of films to mine the connection between religion and horror. Setting it within the Orthodox Jewish community ensures the subject matter is fresh, especially when the central character has shunned his faith. Yakov is reluctant to take the job as a shomer but he does so after bartering the price up from $200 to $400. From the minute he steps into Mrs. Litvak’s home, you know he’s on a slippery slope to a hellish experience.Credit: Vertigo ReleasingFirstly Mrs. Litvak is actually pretty terrifying. The elderly woman is battling dementia and has only brief periods of lucidity meaning that Yakov can’t really rely on her for any help or support. Director Thomas makes the most of his modest budget by creating a tense and very creepy atmosphere. He proves adept at increasing the tension slowly and he utilises plenty of jump scares to knock you off guard.As the night draws in, Yakov is forced to face his personal demons and the literal demon that has attached itself to him. Through flashbacks we learn what happened to Yakov’s brother and why he left his faith. In the present Yakov, and the viewer, struggle to differentiate between reality and fiction, and it’s that struggle that throws the central character headfirst into a nightmare. The use of sound is particularly effective as Yakov is pushed to the brink and the viewer hides behind every cushion they can find.Credit: Vertigo ReleasingAt the centre of the film is the excellent Dave Davis, who plays Yakov expertly. While we don’t find out a whole lot about the character, you do want him to survive the night and get through the ordeal. Davis is very sympathetic and he’s a mesmerising leading man. The late Lynn Cohen puts in a strong performance too, veering from helpless old lady to terrifying widow as she moves around the house, popping up when you least expect it.The Vigil is an atmospheric and intense watch. It’s by no means a perfect film, sometimes getting a little too bogged down in exactly what it is Yakov is battling, but it’ll definitely have you on the edge of your seat. It’ll also ensure you make note of Dave Davis, who is clearly an actor to keep an eye on. The Vigil is a solid debut for Keith Thomas and it should satisfy those horror fans starved of new films the past few months.<span data-mce-type=”bookmark” style=”display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;” class=”mce_SELRES_start”></span>Cast: Dave Davis, Lynn Cohen, Menashe Lustig Director: Keith Thomas Writer: Keith Thomas Certificate: 15 Duration: 89 mins Released by: Vertigo Releasing Release date: 31st July 2020
Integrated Device Technology announced that it has surpassed the 10 million shipments milestone of radio frequency (RF) devices, less than 4 years after entering the market. IDT’s RF division was started from the ground up with a team of just three people in 2009. They have advanced wireless infrastructure technology with a stream of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)-enhancing innovations for leading RF developers.IDT has a broad lineup of RF products including DSAs, switches, mixers, modulators, demodulators, VVAs, VGAs, and integrated receivers. These products offer a combination of extreme linearity and very low power consumption. In addition to wireless infrastructure, IDT’s RF innovations can be found in such diverse industrial applications as commercial radar, point-to-point backhaul, and public safety networks.For more information, visit www.idt.com/go/RF.
Cirexx International will be exhibiting its diverse PCB portfolio at this year’s AUVSI Pathfinder Symposium from August 22 – 24 in Huntsville, AL. The company will be demonstrating its complete product line of advanced Printed Circuit Boards, including HDI and RF/Microwave and Flex Circuits, including Rigid-Flex. Application engineers will be available at the Cirexx booth to discuss the latest technology in these areas as well as Cirexx in-house design and component assembly services.The company will also be featuring its latest ECLIPS (Embedded Cooling Layer – Integrated Power System) technology. It is a system for producing high-power RF/microwave Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) employing an embedded low-CTE, thermally engineered metalized heat-sink layer which has superior thermal conductivity characteristics.Cirexx products are used in many applications in addition to defense/aerospace, including medical, telecommunication and industrial controls and thus believes that the show is an excellent chance for them to grow in the Huntsville area, a critical location for some of the country’s premier aerospace/defense companies; as well as build its customer base.The symposium is sponsored by AUVSI and hosted by the Pathfinder Chapter in Huntsville. The presentations will vary from technology whitepapers to updates on the progress of defense programs.
Teledyne Microwave Solutions (TMS), a solution provider for avionics, energetics, electronic warfare, missiles, radar, satcom, space, and test and measurement industries, is a single source for YIG Oscillators and that offer what they claim to be ‘best in industry’ phase noise performance. TMS has a large, self-contained YIG manufacturing and R&D infrastructure that ensures continuous YIG innovations, including the industry’s only YIG filter that “locks” to the desired signal. TMS has both in-house and offshore YIG manufacturing capabilities to control costs and meet stringent capacity and deliver requirements for non-ITAR products. Additionally, they have invested extensively in Automated Testing up to 50 GHz and maintain an on-site environmental testing facility.TMS YIG Oscillators at a Glance0.5 to 26 GHz FM Coils for Phase LockingLow Phase Noise (best in the industry)Multi-Octave frequency bandsFlat Power Output over TemperaturePhase Lock & Modulation CapabilitySmall & TO-8 Package StylesExcellent LinearityReduced Package Sizes (surface mount, 1” & 1.25”)Analog and Digital drivers availableCertifications: These RoHS compliant YIG filters are ISO 9001 & AS-9100 certified and MIL-IPC-610 & J-STD-001 for soldering.Applications: They are suitable for instrumentation/test & measurement, sweep oscillators, receiver local oscillators, jammer exciters, low noise synthesizers, signal generators, ATE modules, and ELINT / COMINT receiver applications.Click here to know more about the YIG Oscillators from Teledyne.